The field of health is advancing tremendously in the recent years; the approach of the specialists who deals with managing the affairs of the human health saw the advancement into the possible use of the combination, of fields like Computing and health for a better outcome in medics.
Computing is not just for programs to produce only gaming softwares, finance or Social Medias but can possibly include taking a bold step into generating a sustainable and systematic approach to reduce the intensity of health mishaps. With the concept of the new advancement through the introduction of Biomedical Engineering, it’s now an attainable goal, being that of implementing the mathematical and programmatic concepts in health solutions.
Who is A Biomedical Engineer?
Biomedical engineers (are also called as bioengineers). These Engineers do use their knowledge of science and math for an advantage in helping to solve health problems. Biomedical engineers develop materials, devices and processes that are to be used to aid the process of preventing or treating diseases or to rehabilitate patients. From the views of Biomedical Engineering Society, the areas of specialization for biomedical engineers includes the following biomaterials; biomechanics; bioinstrumentation; medical imaging; rehabilitation; genetic engineering and cellular, tissue.
The Specialties in Biomedical Engineering:-
Biomedical Engineering, being a vast and multi-spatial discipline includes biomaterial specialists who have the ability to develop materials that can be safely implanted in the body. Engineers whose field of work is stemmed in biomechanics do apply principles from physics to biological systems. They can develop artificial organs, such as the artificial heart. Engineers who focus in the field of bioinstrumentation use the computers or other electronic devices to treat diagnosed diseases. A rehabilitation engineer aids the concept of improved quality of life for people with disabilities. Tissue and cellular engineers are rooted in growing cells outside of the body which can be implanted in the body and take care of some functions. Genetic engineering has some relation with Biomedical Engineering; in this discipline organism’s DNA is altered to enable the production of different proteins. Genetic engineering plays several roles in drug production.
The Materialistic Concern for a Proper Engineering Design:-
Biomedical Engineering is mainly the field where the knowledge- through the Systematic approach to aid the improvement in handling health issues is implemented while going through a materialistic process, such as developing some scientific hardware and software devices.
To make this process realistic, then we have to seriously consider the mode or standards through which these elements of design are selected and used.
The proper selection of materials while designing these devices is very critical in all areas of engineering design. It’s crucial to note that all materials have their distinct properties that may or may not make them suitable for a given application. Material comes from various natural resources. These natural resources are formed of the elements found in the periodic table. Some of the elements are significantly unique, or made up of combination several other elements.
Prior to the use of any materials, they are often processed to give them different properties. Some examples of the materials used are metals, composites, plastics, textiles and ceramics. There are three major categories of specifications by which the properties for engineering design can be classified, and these includes: mechanical properties, physical properties, and chemical properties.
Physical properties include density, melting point, color and water absorption rate. Mechanical properties include ductility, rigidity and strength. Chemical properties include the corrosion resistance of the material or composition of the material. For an effective, efficient and quality design, the Engineer is expected to first highlight on the most important properties the finished product will be exhibiting. The moment he is sure of his expectations then the research for the most suitable materials to be used should commence.
The Process of Effective Engineering Design:
Since the field of Biomedical Engineering focuses on the possible means of solving health-related issues through the implementation of scientific and mathematical capabilities and because of materialistic approach then it’s important that engineers should follow the below listed problem-solving steps to attain a greater height in Engineering design process:
- Identify the need or problem – feel it how it is and take a note of it
- Research the problem – what are the properties or the features of this problem
- Develop possible solutions – what is the approach tactics
- Select the best possible solution – if you do this, is enough to eradicate the problem
- Construct a prototype – make a duplicate to practice the solution methods
- Test and evaluate – measure the solution you have, how effective is it
- Communicate the solution – you are not an ice-land of yourself, you don’t know it all so seek for helping hand to reason on the qualifications of your suggestion
- Redesign – finish the process after the consecutive review of the experts.
Biomedical Engineering maybe the possible answer to most of the challenging health issues, if the solution strategies suggested under this field is properly implemented.
By-Chidiebere Moses Ogbodo