“Each new situation requires a new architecture.” – quoted by Jean Nouvel, a famous French Architect. The quote perfectly fits in the modern architectural world where architects need to provide unique architectural solutions to particular sets of circumstances by creating something new, using unique shape, color, size and technologies with limited natural resources. The modern architects are facing huge number of challenges with the rapidly changing world.
According to United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, the current world population of 7.3 billion is expected to reach 8.5 billion by 2030, 9.7 billion in 2050 and 11.2 billion in 2100. The world population is rising and the average life expectancy of the population is also increasing simultaneously. The world is going to become a more crowded place in the future. With these challenges, the architects have to design buildings in such a way that they can maintain the level of sustainability in the world.
Good Things Come In Small Packages
There are various reasons for the trends of a smaller home. To maintain the sustainability, limited land availability and high density of population lead to design smaller buildings. Apart from that, now people prefer a small house with smaller mortgage, i.e., affordable houses. Architects have to design homes that are smaller and more eco-friendly. The small homes consume less energy and produce less wastage, which is ultimately beneficial for current environment of the world.
Emerging Sustainable Green Architecture Technologies
To slow down the consumption of the scarce natural resources of the world and to reduce the pollution level, architects are embracing the green architecture technologies like solar power, green building or Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) buildings, turbine power and more. The green architecture involves an energy efficient design to reduce negative environmental impacts and material selected contains recycled yet durable content. It also includes protection and conservation of water throughout the life of a building by rainwater harvesting and reusing water. Green roofs and green walls can be used to design an eco-friendly building.
3D Printing of the House and Indoor Design
3D printing can be a potential architectural solution for affordable and rapid houses. As per the recent testing by architects, 3D printing has been used to create an entire house in 24 hours. The walls can be created with the printer and windows and the roof can be added with conventional construction methods. In fact, interior decorators can design the interior of buildings by 3D printers. This technology can be considered as the future of affordable houses and solutions to solve housing shortages.
The Concept of Floating City
The global sea level is rising due to the sudden change in the climate, and availability of land for building houses is gradually decreasing. The futuristic floating city concept will help the human population to live on a self-sustainable floating island. The Lilypad Project with the concept of creating floating self-sufficient ocean-going eco-city islands that would accommodate up to 50,000, and would use the renewable energy technologies, including solar, thermal, wind, to produce more energy.
Innovative Architecture Can Change the World
The world has exceptional architectural designs ranging from Burj Khalifa to Gardens by the Bay, The Empire State Building to The Opera House and many more which can be considered as the masterpiece designs. There are many amazing green architectural projects in the world, like floating self-sufficient ocean-going eco-city islands, a wind-powered design that helps to generate more power, and solar towers that generate powers from sun’s ray; such contemporary concepts of designs can help to maintain the sustainability. The Bahrain World Trade Center is the first skyscraper in the world to integrate wind turbines into its design. It is the largest wind powered design and an example of the growing world trend in sustainable architecture. Dongtan Eco-City is world’s first environmentally, socially, economically, and culturally sustainable city. The city relies on its own wind and solar energy and emission free public transportation. The new and innovative concepts are used by modern architects to make the world sustainable.
The architecture can create better places and can positively affect the society with creative designs. Several studies have proven that the design of the building can affect the human behavior and creativity. The architect can shape the building and can shape the mood of the people residing with it as well; they can change the quality of life and bring positive social changes by innovative designs. The sustainable architecture can help to reduce the negative environmental impact and create an eco-friendly environment. Global warming is polluting water, air and natural resources; in such a scenario, an architect can design green and ecological buildings to sustain the environment. The limited natural resource is a challenge for this industry but with the help of advanced technologies the architects can design affordable small houses and new wonders can be made every day.