How to Train to Become an Electrician: A Step-by-Step Guide? 

Becoming an electrician opens up many job opportunities and areas to specialize in. Electricians are important because they set up, fix, and take care of electrical systems in homes, businesses, and factories. If you want to become an electrician, this easy-to-follow guide will show you each step you need to take to get qualified.

  1. Understand the Role of an Electrician  

Before you start training, it’s important to know what an electrician does. Electricians work with electrical systems, including wiring, circuit boards, and lighting. Their work can vary based on their specialty:

  • Residential Electricians: They work in homes, installing and fixing wiring, outlets, and lighting.
  • Commercial Electricians: They handle electrical systems in places like offices, stores, and restaurants, dealing with lighting, power, and sometimes security systems.
  • Industrial Electricians: They focus on electrical systems in factories, working with high-voltage systems, machinery, and complex control systems.
  • Maintenance Electricians: They ensure electrical systems are working properly and fix any issues to keep everything running smoothly.

Aspiring electricians can take courses on basic electricity, electrical troubleshooting, and other related topics from reputable training providers such as Orion Technical Solutions.

  1. Assess Your Interest and Aptitude  

Becoming an electrician requires technical knowledge, problem-solving skills, and physical ability. Before deciding on this career, consider the following:

  • Interest in Electrical Systems: You should have a genuine interest in how electrical systems work. If you find this fascinating, you’ll likely enjoy the job.
  • Problem-Solving Skills: Electricians must identify and fix complex issues.
  • Physical Fitness: The job requires strength and stamina for heavy lifting, climbing, and working in various environments.
  • Attention to Detail: Precision is crucial to ensure that electrical systems are safe and work properly. Being meticulous helps prevent errors and accidents.

By assessing their interest and aptitude, aspiring electricians can determine whether they are suited for this demanding yet rewarding career.

  1. Complete High School or GED  

A high school diploma or GED transcript is typically the minimum educational requirement to begin training as an electrician. If you’re still in high school, focus on:

  • Mathematics: Algebra and geometry are fundamental.
  • Physics: Understanding basic principles of electricity.
  • Shop Classes: Practical skills in using tools and understanding blueprints.

High school courses in physics, mathematics, and shop can be particularly beneficial. Shop classes provide hands-on experience with tools, materials, and techniques used in construction and electrical work.

  1. Research Electrician Training Programs  

There are several pathways to becoming an electrician, including trade schools, community colleges, and apprenticeship programs. Each pathway has its pros and cons:

  • Trade Schools: Offer focused training programs that can be completed in a shorter time.
  • Community Colleges: Provide more comprehensive education, including general education courses.
  • Apprenticeships: Combine on-the-job training with classroom instruction.

Remember that each pathway has its own set of requirements, time commitments, and outcomes, so it’s essential to choose the one that aligns with your personal and professional aspirations.

  1. Enroll in a Trade School or Community College  

Trade schools and community colleges have diploma and associate degree programs in electrical technology. These programs typically cover:

  • Electrical Theory: Fundamentals of electricity and circuitry.
  • Safety Practices: Proper safety protocols to avoid accidents.
  • Wiring and Installation: Techniques for wiring and installing electrical systems.
  • Blueprint Reading: Understanding and interpreting electrical blueprints.
  • National Electrical Code (NEC): Learning the standards and regulations governing electrical work.

As mentioned, the right training program for you depends on your career goals.

  1. Secure an Apprenticeship  

Apprenticeships typically last four to five years and combine paid on-the-job training (OJT) with classroom instruction. To secure an apprenticeship, you can:

  • Apply to Union Programs: Many unions offer apprenticeship programs.
  • Non-Union Programs: Independent electrical contractors often provide apprenticeship opportunities.
  • Job Boards: Websites like Indeed and Glassdoor list apprenticeship openings.

With an apprenticeship, you can apply the lessons you have learned in classroom instructions, broadening your knowledge and skills in various electrical situations.

  1. Complete Classroom Instruction  

During your apprenticeship, you’ll spend time in a classroom setting learning the theoretical aspects of electrical work. This instruction covers:

  • Advanced Electrical Theory: In-depth understanding of electrical systems.
  • Safety Training: Comprehensive safety practices and regulations.
  • With an apprenticeship, you can apply the lessons you have learned in classroom instructions, broadening your knowledge and skills in various electrical situations.Training in areas like HVAC systems, programmable logic controllers (PLCs), and renewable energy systems.

Seize this opportunity to learn the basic and advanced concepts, giving you confidence in applying them in the real world.

  1. Gain On-the-Job Experience  

You’ll work under the supervision of experienced electricians, learning to:

  • Install Electrical Systems: Proper techniques for installing wiring, outlets, switches, and fixtures.
  • Troubleshoot Issues: Diagnosing and repairing electrical problems.
  • Perform Maintenance: Routine maintenance to ensure systems are functioning correctly.
  • Adhere to Codes: Ensuring all work complies with local regulations and the rules set by the National Electrical Code (NEC).

Obtain necessary certifications, such as OSHA safety certifications, to enhance your employability. Be proactive in seeking out opportunities, and don’t hesitate to start with entry-level positions to gain initial experience. As you gain more experience, ensure that you also hone your soft skills, such as communication, empathy, and negotiation skills, to establish trust with potential customers.

  1. Prepare for the Journeyman Exam  

After completing your apprenticeship, the next step is to pass the journeyman electrician exam. This exam gauges your knowledge of electrical theory and practical skills. To prepare:

  • Study the NEC: Familiarize yourself with the latest edition of the National Electrical Code.
  • Practice Exams: Take practice tests to get a feel for the format and types of questions.
  • Review Coursework: Revisit your classroom notes and textbooks.
  1. Obtain Licensure  

Licensure requirements vary by state, so it’s essential to check your area’s specific regulations. Generally, you’ll need to:

  • Pass the Journeyman Exam: Demonstrate your knowledge and skills.
  • Submit an Application: Provide proof of completed apprenticeship and any required documentation.
  • Pay Fees: Pay the necessary licensure fees.
  1. Pursue Continuing Education  

Continuing education is crucial to stay current and maintain your license. Here are some ways to pursue continuing education in electrical.

  • Online Courses: Many organizations offer online courses on various electrical topics.
  • Workshops and Seminars: Attend in-person workshops and seminars to learn about new technologies and practices.
  • Manufacturer Training: Participate in training programs offered by manufacturers of electrical products and systems.

Many states require electricians to complete a certain number of continuing education hours to renew their licenses.

  1. Advance Your Career  

Once you’re a licensed journeyman electrician, there are several ways to advance your career:

  • Become a Master Electrician: With additional experience and passing the master electrician exam, you can achieve this higher level of licensure.
  • Specialize: Focus on a specific area, such as renewable energy, HVAC systems, or industrial electrical systems.
  • Start Your Own Business: Many electricians choose to become independent contractors or start their own electrical contracting companies.
  • Teach or Train: Share your knowledge by becoming an instructor at a trade school or an apprenticeship program.

As you advance your career, you can also learn practical lessons that can help you in starting an electrical business in the future.

  1. Join Networking and Professional Associations  

Networking is vital in any career, including the electrical field. Joining professional associations provides networking opportunities, continuing education, and staying updated on industry trends:

  • National Electrical Contractors Association (NECA)
  • International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers (IBEW)
  • Independent Electrical Contractors (IEC)

With professional memberships, you can create a more compelling portfolio for your electrical career.

  1. Understand Job Prospects and Salary  

The demand for electricians is strong and expected to grow. Factors contributing to this growth include:

  • Construction Growth: Increased construction of residential, commercial, and industrial buildings.
  • Renewable Energy: Expansion of solar and wind power installations.
  • Aging Infrastructure: Need to upgrade and maintain aging electrical systems.

The salary of an electrician varies based on experience, location, and specialization.

  1. Navigate the Challenges  

While becoming an electrician is rewarding, it also comes with challenges:

  • Physical Demands: Electricity-related jobs can be physically taxing, requiring lifting, bending, and working in confined spaces.
  • Safety Risks: Working with electricity can be dangerous. Adhering to safety protocols is essential.
  • Continuing Education: Staying updated with new technologies and regulations requires ongoing learning and adaptation.

You can overcome these challenges by ensuring you prioritize your health and safety. Invest in safety gear and continue learning the latest trends in the field.

Who Trains Aspiring Electricians  

Here are the significant people who can help aspiring electricians:

Experienced Electricians and Journeymen  

These professionals have years of hands-on experience and can provide practical insights, troubleshooting tips, and real-world knowledge that you won’t get from textbooks.

Master Electricians  

These are electricians who have achieved the highest level of certification. They have extensive experience and often supervise other electricians, making them ideal mentors.

Vocational Instructors  

Instructors at technical or vocational schools often have teaching credentials and field experience. They offer a structured learning environment and help students understand the theoretical aspects of electrical work.

Union Representatives  

If you join an electrical union, union representatives can help you find apprenticeship programs and connect you with experienced electricians.


Becoming an electrician takes hard work, training, and continuous learning. By following this guide, you can become a skilled and licensed electrician, ready for the challenges and rewards of this important job. Whether you work in homes, businesses, or factories, the electrical skills and knowledge will help you have a successful and fulfilling career.

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